Anyone who’s serious about woodworking and DIY projects must know the safety rules of every tool or device they are using. Woodworking tools include a table saw as a power tool. Why do the woodworkers need a saw table?
This tool helps carpenters or those people who work with wood to complete their tasks easily and accurately. A saw table prevents the risk of inaccurate and improper cutting. Moreover, it is an excellent tool for precise work and avoids repetitive cutting tasks. Have you ever thought about its safety tips? Besides its supporting property to the material being cut, it may be a bit dangerous to use due to its sharp parts. However, you can use this powerful cutting tool with some precautions and safety tools.
Let’s have a look at the basic parts of a table saw to know its working and precautionary measures.
Basics of a Table Saw
The size 10 is ideal for most woodworking projects and carpentry, while the size 8 is very handy for small work and tasks. On the other hand, you can use 12 side tables to create deeper cuts on heavy and thick materials. If we look into the parts of a saw table, the parts include;
The tabletop is made from cast steel or cast aluminum, resting on a stand or on a metallic cabinet. Most saw tables are considered stationary power woodcutting tools. However, portable versions are also available with fold-able legs for easy moving. The size is larger than 4X6 or at least 3X3 if we see the minimum sizes. Larger sizes are available with extensions for most brands.
The blade is also present, which can lower or rise through a blade-height crank. Along with a blade, there is a rip fence which is a guide bar, present parallel to the blade.
Miter Gauge and Blade guards
It assists the user in making crosscuts; on the other hand, blade guards provide a measure of protection if your fingers seem close to the blade.
Extra or additional parts depending on the type of saw you are choosing. Additional accessories include rollers, table extensions, vacuum, or clamps. The table extensions are used to support long woods.
Before buying this for your home’s workshop or DIY, remember the following safety tips for a table saw;
How to Use a Table Saw Safely?
While working with any sharp tool or object, safety is important. Many people have already suffered injuries from a table saw. Sometimes people can’t handle the material and pull their fingers towards the table. Moreover, materials are thrown back sometimes when given high velocity. We can lessen the risks of kickbacks by taking care of the following points;
1. Don’t start your saw if the material being cut is touching the blade.
2. Use the rip fence when you are making rip cuts.
3. As the rip fence doesn’t provide adequate support, don’t use it for crosscuts. For the purpose of cross cuts, use a miter gauge.
4. Keep the material properly and completely flat against the table while cutting it.
5. Always wear goggle, don’t remove safety guards (come with a table saw)
6. Don’t forget to unplug the saw before adjusting the blade.
If your board has less than 6 inches width of stock away from the saw table, you need to use a push stick. The push stick will push the board through the saw blade. Moreover, this action will keep the fingers of the woodworker away from the blade. You can build the push sticks in the shop or buy them at any woodworking supplier.
- Maintain a Fine Position
The woodcutter or a carpenter should maintain a good position while standing at the table saw. Woodcutter should keep the right balance, shouldn’t stand directly near or in front of the saw blade. Stand calm, with your feet distant enough from the table saw. If the kickback occurs, the stock will not be kicking back into the body as the person is not in front of the tool. The kickback will surely slide past the workers’ midsection.
- Let the Blade Stop Moving
Don’t reach or adjust the fence or blade if the blade is moving. You should wait for the blade to get stopped to make any adjustments. The fast-moving blade may cause a severe finger injury.
- Safety Features
Check all the safety features before starting your cutting work. Make sure that every part of your table saw is working efficiently.
The main components such as saw blade, riving knife, and anti-kickback pawls must be adequately checked as they are made to provide protection to woodworkers. These parts should be properly adjusted before you turn on the table saw.
Keep your working area clean. Moreover, to keep the table saw free from dust, the stocks and cut-offs must be cleared. The dusty parts and working area may ruin the working of a carpenter. The accurate and clean cuts might go wrong.
- Wear Safety Equipment
When you are going to use any power tool, wear the safety equipment. While using a table saw, always wear your glasses and give hearing protection. Besides these, suitable clothes must be considered. Your jewelry and loose-fitting long clothes shouldn’t cause distraction during the cutting work. You can wear footwear with non-slip soles.
- Disconnect Power Supply
When you are making internal adjustments or change the blade, make sure that you have disconnected the power supply. The sudden moving effect of a blade can cause a serious injury. Turning off the power will lower the possibility that the saw could be inadvertently switched on while the table saw is being on working mode.
- Safety Measures before a Crosscut
As mentioned earlier, go for a miter gauge for crosscuts. Don’t make a mistake to use a rip fence, as it stabilizes long lengths. Whereas crosscuts are made on narrow material, cutting the material into halves or taking off the end part of a board. Rip fence increases the risk of kickbacks, so avoid it and use a miter gauge instead. Following are the steps to get crosscuts;
1. Switch off the table saw and put a crosscut blade into the table saw arbor.
2. Now adjust the protractor on the miter gauge to mark either straight or mitered angles for crosscuts.
3. In the third step, align and position the material along the front edge of the miter gauge with the help of clamps. Clamps are optional; you just need them to secure material in its place.
4. The table saw is ready to work, now a plugin. Ensure that the wood doesn’t touch the blade until the blade starts spinning at high and full speed.
5. You have to be very careful in the 5th step to slide the complete miter gauge and the material. Forward the material slowly through the moving blade at full speed.
6. Now you can switch the tool off before retrieving cut-off parts of the material present near the saw blade.
Before starting your cutting tasks, just check your material if it does have any stone, nail, screw, staple, or loose knot. It’s necessary to check foreign objects to avoid their contact with a spinning table. We can also check hidden foreign objects through a specially designed metal detector. It will help us to see the hidden nail or screw.
Price of a Table Saw
The price lies between $300 and $500, and the standard model is sold at $700. The standard version has contractor quality.
We concluded that the table saw is a widely used power tool for cutting purposes. Most DIY project makers and woodworkers use this tool to make their work easy and efficient. On the other hand, all power tools require maintenance and some safety precautions to be used. If you are a woodcutter or work with wood, so you need to remember all these safety tips mentioned above. Indeed precautionary measures are always beneficial to avoid small and big injuries.
Don’t forget to take care of yourself; always remember these safety rules to work efficiently. How can you work with wood further if you are suffering from injuries?